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Table 2 The 30 specific disorders most frequently recorded in study dogs

From: Prevalence of disorders recorded in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels attending primary-care veterinary practices in England

Specific diagnosis recorded Frequency rank Total dogs diagnosed (KC-registered; KC registration unknown) Prev a (%) 95% CI for prev b (%)
Heart murmur 1 541 (9; 532) 30.9 (28.8 - 33.1)
Diarrhoea (unspecified cause) 2 193 (11; 182) 11.0 (9.7 –12.6)
Dental disease 3 166 (4; 162) 9.5 (8.2 –11.0)
Otitis externa 4 161 (8; 153) 9.2 (7.9 –10.7)
Conjunctivitis 5 131 (7; 124) 7.5 (6.3 –8.8)
Anal sac infection 6 129 (5; 124) 7.4 (6.2 –8.7)
Heart (cardiac) disease (unspecified) 7 128 (0; 128) 7.3 (6.2 –8.6)
Corneal disorder (unspecified) 8 114 (9; 105) 6.5 (5.5 –7.8)
Periodontal disease 9 98 (0; 98) 5.6 (4.6 –6.8)
Mitral valve disorder 10 88 (0; 88) 5.0 (4.1 –6.2)
Umbilical hernia 11 72 (8; 64) 4.1 (3.3 –5.2)
Flea infestation 12 64 (4; 60) 3.7 (2.9 –4.7)
Anal sac impaction 13 63 (4; 59) 3.6 (2.8 –4.6)
Cutaneous mass lesion (unspecified) 14 62 (1; 61) 3.5 (2.8 –4.5)
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (Dry Eye, KCS) 15 61 (2; 59) 3.5 (2.7 –4.5)
Gastroenteritis 16 59 (1; 58) 3.4 (2.6 –4.3)
Patellar luxation 17 58 (2; 56) 3.3 (2.6 –4.3)
Otitis (unspecified) 18 48 (3; 45) 2.7 (2.1 –3.6)
Osteoarthritis (osteoarthrosis, DJDc) 19 46 (1; 45) 2.6 (2.0 –3.5)
Colitis 20 44 (4; 40) 2.5 (1.9 –3.4)
Cataract 21 43 (0; 43) 2.5 (1.8 –3.3)
Otodectes cynotis infestation 22 42 (3; 39) 2.4 (1.8 –3.2)
Urinary tract infection 23 42 (4;38) 2.4 (1.8 –3.2)
Gastritis 24 41 (3; 38) 2.3 (1.7 –3.2)
Arthropathy(joint disorder)(unspecified) 25 39 (2; 37) 2.2 (1.6 –3.0)
Pyoderma 26 37 (1; 36) 2.1 (1.5 –2.9)
Enteritis 27 33 (2; 31) 1.9 (1.3 –2.7)
Pancreatitis 28 32 (1; 31) 1.8 (1.3–2.6)
Syringomyelia (SM) 29 29 (1; 28) 1.7 (1.2–2.4)
ICTd (Kennel Cough) 30 29 (1; 28) 1.7 (1.2–2.4)
  1. The 30 most frequently recorded specific disorders in study dogs with available clinical notes (n = 1749) showing frequency ranks and numbers of dogs affected. Calculated prevalence estimates (%) for these conditions in the UK CKCS population are presented with 95% confidence intervals.
  2. aPrev, Prevalence estimate; b95% CI for prev, 95% confidence interval for prevalence estimate; cDJD, Degenerative joint disease; dICT, Infectious canine tracheobronchitis.