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Table 3 Breakdown of specific disorder and disorder group recording frequencies within the top 10 disorder categories affecting study CKCSs

From: Prevalence of disorders recorded in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels attending primary-care veterinary practices in England

Disorder category (No. dogs; % of total dogs affected) Disorder groups within category Total disorder recordings in group (% of all in disorder category) Specific disorder Total dogs with specific disorder recorded (KC-registered; KC registration status unknown)
Cardiac disorders (554; 31.7%) Heart (cardiac) murmur 541 (69.2) Heart (cardiac) murmur 541 (9; 532)
Heart (cardiac) disease 128 (16.4) Heart (cardiac) disease (unspecified) 128 (0; 128)
Cardiac valve disorder 92 (11.8) Heart (cardiac) valve disorder 4 (0; 4)
Mitral valve disorder 88 (0; 88)
Cardiopulmonary arrest 8 (1.0) Cardiopulmonary arrest 8 (0; 8)
Cardiomyopathy 4 (0.5) Cardiomyopathy finding 4 (0; 4)
Cardiac rhythm disturbance 3 (0.4) Atrial fibrillation 1 (0; 1)
Cardiac conduction disorder - Ventricular Premature Complexes (VPCs) 1 (0; 1)
Ventricular tachycardia (VT) 1 (0; 1)
Congenital cardiac malformation 3 (0.4) Heart (cardiac) anomaly, congenital - Atrial septal defect (ASD) 1 (0; 1)
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) 2 (0; 2)
Pericardial disease 2 (0.3) Pericardial disorder finding 1 (0; 1)
Pericardial effusion 1 (0; 1)
Cardiac injury/damage 1 (0.1) Chordae tendinae rupture 1 (0; 1)
Dermatological disorders (388; 22.2%) Ectoparasite infestation 142 (26.7) Parasite infestation - fleas 64 (4; 60)
Parasite infestation - Acariasis (mites) 50 (4; 46)
Parasite infestation - ticks 27 (5; 22)
Parasite infestation - Pediculosis (lice) 1 (0; 1)
Parasite infestation- unspecified 1 (0; 1)
Cutaneous mass lesion/neoplasia 96 (18.1) Mass lesion - skin/cutaneous (unspecified) 62 (1; 61)
Papilloma 14 (1; 13)
Mass-lesion - Injection reaction 5 (0; 3)
Mass lesion - facial, lip 4 (0; 4)
Callus 3 (0; 3)
Acrochordon (Fibroepithelial polyp, Skin tag) 2 (0; 2)
Granuloma 2 (0; 2)
Histiocytoma (cutaneous, skin) 2 (0; 2)
Mass lesion - facial 1 (0; 1)
Melanoma 1 (0; 1)
Cutaneous infection 76 (14.3) Pyoderma 37 (1; 36)
Intertrigo 20 (1; 19)
Abscess 15 (2; 13)
Acne - Canine acne 2 (0; 2)
Anal furunculosis 1 (0; 1)
Folliculitis and furunculosis - of muzzle 1 (0; 1)
Dermatitis 51 (9.6) Pododermatitis 26 (0; 26)
Pyotraumatic dermatitis, acute moist 12 (2; 10)
Acral lick dermatitis (granuloma) 6 (1; 5)
Malassezia dermatitis 3 (0; 3)
Dermatitis - seborrheic 2 (0; 2)
Dermatitis and/or panniculitis, (pyo)granulomatous - bacterial 1 (0; 1)
Dermatitis and/or panniculitis, (pyo)granulomatous - fungal 1 (0; 1)
Hypersensitivity (allergic) skin disorder 48 (9.0) Hypersensitivity (allergic) skin disorder - unspecified 24 (2; 22)
Hypersensitivity (allergic) skin disorder - atopic dermatitis 18 (2; 16)
Hypersensitivity (allergic) skin disorder - flea bite hypersensitivity 4 (0; 4)
Hypersensitivity (allergic) skin disorder - contact hypersensitivity 1 (0; 1)
Hypersensitivity (allergic) skin disorder - urticaria 1 (0; 1)
Wound/skin trauma 44 (8.3) Laceration 15 (2; 13)
Wound 18 (0; 18)
Wound, infected 4 (0; 4)
Post-operative complication - wound infection 3 (0; 3)
Post-operative complication - wound seroma 3 (0; 3)
Post-operative complication - self-trauma 1 (0; 1)
Cutaneous cyst 23 (4.3) Skin (cutaneous) cyst 20 (1; 19)
Interdigital cyst (dogs) 3 (0; 3)
Foreign body - cutaneous (skin) 18 (3.4) Foreign body - cutaneous (skin) 18 (1; 17)
Alopecia 12 (2.3) Alopecia 12 (0; 12)
Insect bite/sting 12 (2.3) Hymenoptera stings (bee, wasp) 8 (0; 8)
Insect bite(s) 4 (0; 4)
Sebaceous gland disorder 4 (0.8) Sebaceous gland disorder (unspecified) 3 (0; 3)
Sebaceous adenitis 1 (0; 1)
Cellulitis 2 (0.4) Cellulitis 2 (0; 2)
Dermatophytosis (Ringworm) 1 (0.2) Dermatophytosis (Ringworm) 1 (0; 1)
Footpad hyperkeratosis 1 (0.2) Footpad hyperkeratosis 1 (0; 1)
Pemphigus foliaceus 1 (0.2) Pemphigus foliaceus 1 (0; 1)
Ocular disorders (360; 20.6%) Corneal disorder/damage 189 (42.6) Corneal disorder (unspecified) 114 (9; 105)
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS, Dry Eye) 61 (2; 59)
Keratitis - chronic superficial (pannus) 8 (0; 8)
Nuclear sclerosis 3 (0; 3)
Corneal stromal abscess 1 (0; 1)
Foreign body - intra-ocular, corneal 1 (0; 1)
Trichiasis 1 (0; 1)
Conjunctivitis 131 (29.5) Conjunctivitis 131 (7; 124)
Cataract 43 (9.7) Cataract 43 (0; 43)
Eyelid disorder/malformation 30 (6.8) Mass lesion - eyelid 22 (1; 21)
Neoplasm - eyelid 5 (0; 5)
Entropion 3 (0; 3)
Uveitis 15 (3.4) Uveitis 15 (0; 15)
Ectopic cilia 11 (2.5) Distichiasis 11 (1; 10)
Ophthalmic (eye) injury 9 (2.0) Ophthalmic (eye) injury 9 (1; 8)
Third eyelid/nictitating membrane disorder - prolapsed gland (Cherry eye) 5 (1.1) Third eyelid/nictitating membrane disorder-prolapsed gland (Cherry eye) 5 (1; 4)
Tear duct disorder 4 (0.9) Tear duct abnormality 4 (0; 4)
Ocular/ophthalmic disorder(unspecified) 3 (0.7) Ocular/ophthalmic disorder (unspecified) 3 (0; 3)
Strabismus 1 (0.2) Strabismus 1 (0; 1)
Glaucoma 1 (0.2) Glaucoma 1 (0; 1)
Lens luxation 1 (0.2) Lens luxation 1 (0; 1)
Mass lesion - conjunctival 1 (0.2) Mass lesion - conjunctival 1 (0; 1)
Gastrointestinal disorders (337; 19.3%) Gastroenteropathy (includes gastritis, colitis, enteritis, gastroenteritis, enterocolitis) 383 (88.9) Diarrhoea 193 (11; 182)
Gastroenteritis 59 (1; 58)
Colitis 44 (4; 40)
Gastritis 41 (3; 38)
Enteritis 33 (2; 31)
Canine haemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HGE) 11 (1; 10)
Enteropathy 2 (1; 1)
Gastrointestinal infectious disease 15 (3.5) Giardiasis 12 (0; 12)
Campylobacteriosis 1 (0; 1)
Coccidiosis 1 (0; 1)
Parvovirus infection 1 (0; 1)
Foreign body (ingested) 12 (2.8) Foreign body - gastric (stomach) 6 (0; 6)
Dietary indiscretion - foreign body ingestion 3 (0; 3)
Foreign body - intestinal, small 2 (0; 2)
Foreign body - oesophageal 1 (0; 1)
Constipation 5 (1.2) Constipation 5 (0; 5)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) 4 (0.9) Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) 4 (0; 4)
Parasites -gastrointestinal 4 (0.9) Nematode (roundworm) infestation 3 (0; 3)
Gastrointestinal helminth infestation (worms) 1 (0; 1)
Incontinence - faecal 3 (0.7) Incontinence - faecal 3 (0; 3)
Mass or neoplasia - Intestinal 2 (0.5) Adenocarcinoma - small intestinal 1 (0; 1)
Mass lesion - intestinal 1 (0; 1)
Rectal prolapse 1 (0.2) Rectal prolapse 1 (1; 0)
Protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) 1 (0.2) Protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) 1 (0; 1)
Megaoesophagus 1 (0.2) Megaoesophagus 1 (0; 1)
Dental/periodontal disorders (265; 15.2%) Dental or periodontal disease 264 (93.3) Dental disease 166 (4; 162)
Periodontal disease 98 (0; 98)
Retained deciduous tooth 15 (5.3) Retained deciduous tooth 15 (0; 15)
Dental abscess 4 (1.4) Abscess - dental (tooth) 4 (0; 1)
Ear disorders (219; 12.5%) Otitis (externa or media) 215 (84.3) Otitis externa 161 (8; 153)
Otitis (unspecified) 48 (3; 45)
Otitis media 6 (2; 4)
Foreign body (aural) 27 (10.6) Foreign body - aural (ear) 27 (2; 25)
Ear (aural) infection 11 (4.3) Ear (aural) infection - fungal 8 (0; 8)
Ear (aural) infection - bacterial 3 (1; 2)
Mass lesion or neoplasia - ear 1 (0.4) Adenocarcinoma - aural (ear) 1 (0; 1)
Inner ear disorder 1 (0.4) Tympanic bulla abnormal 1 (0; 1)
Musculoskeletal disorders (214; 12.2%) Arthritis 71 (24.2) Osteoarthritis (osteoarthrosis, degenerative joint disease (DJD)) 46 (1; 45)
Arthritis 23 (0; 23)
Polyarthropathy - immune-mediated 1 (0; 1)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) 1 (0; 1)
Joint luxation/subluxation 64 (21.8) Patellar luxation 58 (2; 56)
Joint luxation (unspecified) 6 (1; 5)
Arthropathy (unspecified) 39 (13.3) Arthropathy (Joint disorder)(unspecified) 39 (2; 37)
Musculoskeletal injury 39 (13.3) Musculoskeletal injury (unspecified) 21 (0; 21)
Fracture 10 (1; 9)
Muscle injury 4 (1; 3)
Ligament injury 3 (0; 3)
Tendon injury 1 (0; 1)
Intervertebral disc disorder 21 (7.2) Intervertebral disc disorder (unspecified) 20 (0; 20)
Intervertebral disc extrusion/herniation/prolapse - cervical 1 (0; 1)
Spondylosis/discospondylosis 16 (5.5) Spondylosis 15 (0; 15)
Discospondylitis 1 (0; 1)
Hip dysplasia 16 (5.5) Hip dysplasia 16 (0; 16)
Cruciate disease 6 (2.0) Cruciate disease 6 (0; 6)
Developmental skeletal disorder 5 (1.7) Incomplete ossification of the humeral condyle (IOHC) 2 (0; 2)
Avascular necrosis of the femoral head (Legg-Calve-Perthes disease) 1 (0; 1)
Carpal valgus 1 (0; 1)
Limb deformity, developmental - genu valgum 1 (0; 1)
Arthropathy - elbow 4 (1.4) Elbow dysplasia 4 (0; 4)
Musculoskeletal mass/swelling 5 (1.7) Mass/swelling - mandibular 4 (0; 4)
Mass/swelling - limb, lower 1 (0; 1)
Myositis 2 (0.7) Masticatory myositis 1 (0; 1)
Myositis 1 (0; 1)
Skeletal neoplasia 1 (0.3) Osteochondroma - vertebral column 1 (0; 1)
Osteochondritis dissecans 1 (0.3) Osteochondritis dissecans 1 (0; 1)
Traumatic injury - tail 1 (0.3) Tail injury 1 (0; 1)
Arthropathy - carpus 1 (0.3) Joint instability - carpal 1 (0; 1)
Metaphyseal osteopathy (Hypertrophic osteodystrophy) 1 (0.3) Metaphyseal osteopathy (Hypertrophic osteodystrophy) 1 (0; 1)
Anal sac disorders (172; 9.8%) Anal sac impaction/infection 192 (95.5) Anal sac infection 129 (5; 124)
Anal sac impaction 63 (4; 59)
Mass lesion - anal sac 7 (3.5) Mass lesion - anal gland/sac 7 (0; 7)
Anal sac disorder (unspecified) 2 (1.0) Anal sac disorder (unspecified) 2 (0; 2)
Respiratory disorders (94; 5.4%) Upper respiratory system disorder 65 (63.7) Infectious canine tracheobronchitis (Kennel Cough) 29 (1; 28)
Brachycephalic airway obstruction syndrome (BAOS) 16 (0; 16)
Respiratory tract infection, upper (URTI) 10 (1; 9)
Tracheobronchitis finding 7 (0; 7)
Tracheal collapse 2 (0; 2)
Foreign body - nasal (nose) 1 (0; 1)
Lower respiratory system disorder 31 (30.4) Pulmonary oedema 28 (0; 28)
Mass lesion - pulmonary (lung) 1 (0; 1)
Neoplasm - pulmonary (lung) 1 (0; 1)
Respiratory tract infection, lower (LRTI) 1 (0; 1)
Respiratory system disease (general) 6 (5.9) Respiratory tract infection (unspecified) 3 (0; 3)
Chronic airway disease 1 (0; 1)
Smoke inhalation 1 (0; 1)
Parasite infestation-Aelurostrongylosis 1 (0; 1)
Herniation (82; 4.7%) Hernia 84 (100.0) Hernia - umbilical 72 (8; 64)
Hernia - abdominal 5 (0; 5)
Hernia - inguinal 4 (0; 4)
Hernia (unspecified) 3 (2; 1)