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Table 2 Genetic assessment of standard poodles from Europe, USA and Canada

From: The effect of genetic bottlenecks and inbreeding on the incidence of two major autoimmune diseases in standard poodles, sebaceous adenitis and Addison’s disease

    # Alleles/Locus    
  # Dogs   Total Effective Ho He FIS
Europe SP 57 Mean 6.727 3.443 0.662 0.673 0.016
   SE 0.332 0.209 0.021 0.020 0.015
USA SP 478 Mean 8.061 3.384 0.641 0.668 0.041
   SE 0.403 0.201 0.021 0.021 0.006
Canada SP 138 Mean 7.152 3.360 0.648 0.665 0.024
   SE 0.359 0.217 0.021 0.020 0.011
Total SP 673 Mean 8.333 3.413 0.644 0.671 0.04
MiniP 16 Mean 6.485 4.069 0.744 0.733 −0.021
   SE 0.357 0.227 0.021 0.013 0.028
MiniP/SP 72 Mean 7.030 3.726 0.746 0.706 −0.054
  1. Miniature Poodles (n = 16) used for outcrossing and Miniature/Standard Poodle crosses (n = 72) were also included. In addition to the total and effective number of alleles at each locus, genetic assessment included observed homozygosity (Ho), expected heterozygosity (He) and FIS as a measure of outbreeding (negative value) or inbreeding (positive value) within the population