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Table 6 Prevalence of pathophysiological processes affected by at least one disorder recorded in Pugs attending primary-care veterinary practices in England participating in the VetCompass Programme from January 1st, 2013 to December 31st, 2013 (n = 1009)

From: Demography and health of Pugs under primary veterinary care in England

Pathophysiological process Count Prevalence 95 % CI
Inflamatory 386 38.26 34.39–42.27
Congenital/Developmental 153 15.16 12.61–18.13
Nutritional 148 14.67 11.69–18.24
Hereditary 110 10.90 8.70–13.57
Infectious 103 10.21 8.38–12.38
Mass/Swelling 90 8.92 7.37–10.75
Traumatic 51 5.05 4.03–6.32
Degenerative 36 3.57 2.62–4.84
Parasitic 35 3.47 2.52–4.75
Immune-mediated 30 2.97 2.02–4.35
Allergic 26 2.58 1.83–3.62
Behavioural 15 1.49 0.83–2.66
Iatrogenic 14 1.39 0.80–2.38
Metabolic 14 1.39 0.74–2.58
Neoplastic 13 1.29 0.78–2.13
Foreign body-related 10 0.99 0.58–1.69
Intoxicative 8 0.79 0.40–1.56
Haemostatic 6 0.59 0.27–1.29
Effusion 0 0.00 0.00–0.38
Thermoregulatory 0 0 0.00–0.38