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Table 1 Breed summary of Norberg Angle (NA) in degrees expressed as the mean (standard deviation)

From: Genetic mapping of principal components of canine pelvic morphology

Breed No. dogs Left NA Right NA Average NA
German shepherd dog 25 91.5 (11.7) 92.3 (11.2) 91.9 (10.7)
Golden retriever 36 92.1 (10.5) 92.9 (12.6) 92.3 (11.3)
Labrador retriever 137 103.8 (9.2) 104.4 (9.2) 104.1 (8.8)
Newfoundland 15 91.1 (11.5) 96.9 (9.2) 94.0 (9.9)
Labrador/Greyhound cross 95 106.8 (5.8) 107.7 (4.9) 107.2 (4.7)
Other 82 96.6 (12.2) 98.9 (12.3) 97.8 (11.9)
Total 397