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Table 3 List of number of reports and overall prevalence of the most commonly reported conditions/diseases (with ≥50 reports in unique live dogs, n = 43,005)

From: Large-scale survey to estimate the prevalence of disorders for 192 Kennel Club registered breeds

Disorder/condition N reports Prevalence (%) 95% CI
Acute moist dermatitis 155 0.36 (0.31–0.42)
Addison’s disease (primary hypoadrenocorticism) 56 0.13 (0.10–0.17)
Alopecia/Baldness 159 0.37 (0.32–0.43)
Anal gland/sac impaction/blockage 221 0.51 (0.45–0.59)
Anal gland/sac infection 116 0.27 (0.22–0.32)
Anal lump 74 0.17 (0.14–0.22)
Arthritis 959 2.23 (2.09–2.37)
Aural (ear) haematoma 90 0.21 (0.17–0.26)
Blindness 83 0.19 (0.16–0.24)
Blocked tear ducts 155 0.36 (0.31–0.42)
Blood present in urine 103 0.24 (0.20–0.29)
Bone cancer/tumour 88 0.2 (0.17–0.25)
Brachycephalic airway obstruction syndrome (BAOS) 50 0.12 (0.09–0.15)
Cardiomyopathy (DCM) 55 0.13 (0.10–0.17)
Cataract - age related 137 0.32 (0.27–0.38)
Chronic (long-term) kidney failure 53 0.12 (0.09–0.16)
Chronic Itching 610 1.42 (1.31–1.53)
Colitis 362 0.84 (0.76–0.93)
Conjunctivitis 260 0.6 (0.54–0.68)
Corneal Ulcer 146 0.34 (0.29–0.40)
Cruciate disease 401 0.93 (0.85–1.03)
Cruciate ligament injury 100 0.23 (0.19–0.28)
Cryptorchidism 303 0.7 (0.63–0.79)
Deafness - complete 54 0.13 (0.10–0.16)
Deafness - partial 56 0.13 (0.10–0.17)
Degenerative joint disease (DJD) (Osteoarthritis) 118 0.27 (0.23–0.33)
Demodex infestation 68 0.16 (0.12–0.20)
Dermatitis 468 1.09 (0.99–1.19)
Diabetes mellitus (sugar diabetes) 64 0.15 (0.12–0.19)
Distichiasis 137 0.32 (0.27–0.38)
Ear lump 81 0.19 (0.15–0.23)
Ear mite infestation 214 0.5 (0.44–0.57)
Elbow dysplasia 439 1.02 (0.93–1.12)
Enlarged heart 66 0.15 (0.12–0.20)
Entropion 263 0.61 (0.54–0.69)
Epilepsy 436 1.01 (0.92–1.11)
Epulis 70 0.16 (0.13–0.21)
Flea allergic dermatitis 81 0.19 (0.15–0.23)
Food Allergy 370 0.86 (0.78–0.95)
Foreign body ingestion 82 0.19 (0.15–0.24)
Gastric dilation-volvulus syndrome (GDV) / Bloat 131 0.3 (0.26–0.36)
Glaucoma 52 0.12 (0.09–0.16)
Haemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HGE) (bloody diarrhoea and vomiting) 112 0.26 (0.22–0.31)
Harvest mite (chigger) dermatitis 69 0.16 (0.13–0.20)
Heart (cardiac) failure 68 0.16 (0.12–0.20)
Heart (cardiac) murmur 384 0.89 (0.81–0.99)
Hip dysplasia 561 1.3 (1.20–1.42)
Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing’s disease) 65 0.15 (0.12–0.19)
Hypersensitivity (allergic) skin disorder 1146 2.66 (2.52–2.82)
Hypothyroidism/Under-active thyroid 227 0.53 (0.46–0.60)
Immune Mediated Heamolytic Anaemia (IMHA) 50 0.12 (0.09–0.15)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) 149 0.35 (0.30–0.41)
Intervertebral disc disorder 203 0.47 (0.41–0.54)
Irregular Heart beat 109 0.25 (0.21–0.31)
Juvenile cataract 71 0.17 (0.13–0.21)
Kennel Cough 113 0.26 (0.22–0.32)
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS Dry Eye) 236 0.55 (0.48–0.62)
Lipoma 1859 4.32 (4.13–4.52)
Lymphoma 101 0.23 (0.19–0.29)
Mammary cancer/tumour 126 0.29 (0.25–0.35)
Mammary lump 237 0.55 (0.49–0.63)
Mitral valve disease (MVD) 118 0.27 (0.23–0.33)
Nail/Claw injury 59 0.14 (0.11–0.18)
Ocular (eye) discharge 134 0.31 (0.26–0.37)
Oral (mouth) cancer/tumour 64 0.15 (0.12–0.19)
Oral (mouth) lump 72 0.17 (0.13–0.21)
Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) 95 0.22 (0.18–0.27)
Otitis externa 629 1.46 (1.35–1.58)
Otitis media 515 1.2 (1.10–1.30)
Pancreatitis 290 0.67 (0.60–0.76)
Patellar luxation/Slipping kneecap 312 0.73 (0.65–0.81)
Persistent diarrhoea 210 0.49 (0.43–0.56)
Persistent vomiting 69 0.16 (0.13–0.20)
Persistent vomiting & diahorrea 103 0.24 (0.20–0.29)
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) 53 0.12 (0.09–0.16)
Prolapsed third eyelid gland (Cherry eye) 149 0.35 (0.30–0.41)
Pseudopregnancy (phantom pregnancy) 135 0.31 (0.27–0.37)
Pyoderma 287 0.67 (0.59–0.75)
Pyometra 244 0.57 (0.50–0.64)
Rash between folds of skin 59 0.14 (0.11–0.18)
Regular Reverse Sneezing 65 0.15 (0.12–0.19)
Seizure/Fitting 301 0.7 (0.63–0.78)
Skin (cutaneous) cyst 1332 3.1 (2.94–3.27)
Skin cancer/tumour 501 1.16 (1.07–1.27)
Skin lump 552 1.28 (1.18–1.39)
Splenic cancer/tumour 55 0.13 (0.10–0.17)
Spondylosis 112 0.26 (0.22–0.31)
Steroid Responsive Meningitis/Arteritis 63 0.15 (0.11–0.19)
Syringomyelia 74 0.17 (0.14–0.22)
Trachea/Windpipe disorder 54 0.13 (0.10–0.16)
Umbilical hernia 495 1.15 (1.05–1.26)
Unknown 127 0.3 (0.25–0.35)
Unspecified Autoimmune 144 0.33 (0.28–0.39)
Unspecified Eye 124 0.29 (0.24–0.34)
Unspecified Muscle Bone or Joint 194 0.45 (0.39–0.52)
Unspecified Respiratory 62 0.14 (0.11–0.18)
Unspecified Skin Ear or Coat 388 0.9 (0.82–1.00)
Unspecified tumour/cancer 440 1.02 (0.93–1.12)
Urinary incontinence 295 0.69 (0.61–0.77)
Urinary tract infection (UTI) 288 0.67 (0.60–0.75)
Urolithiasis (Urate crystals) 107 0.25 (0.21–0.30)