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Table 1 Pairwise comparison of work-type in the Australian Working Kelpie over 63 traits

From: Work-type influences perceived livestock herding success in Australian Working Kelpies

Comparison Trait Welch’s t-test (unequal size& unequal variance)a Degrees of freedom (Welch-Satterthwaite) Probability
Paddock versus Yard confidence_stock −0.641 59 0.3226
  calmness_stock 3.033 61 0.0051 b
intelligence_stock 1.133 54 0.2080
trainability_stock 0.915 58 0.2603
boldness_stock −0.923 55 0.2582
patience_stock 2.864 73 0.0078
timidness_stock 1.453 58 0.1383
persistence_stock 0.346 55 0.3737
hyperactivity_stock −3.485 53 0.0015
initiative_stock 0.565 60 0.3378
excitability_stock −4.267 58 0.0001 *
obedience_stock −0.096 48 0.3950
nervousness_stock −0.054 56 0.3965
impulsiveness_stock −3.269 57 0.0027
stamina −0.536 63 0.3436
confidence_without_stock −1.839 59 0.0746
calmness_without_stock 2.082 49 0.0477
intelligence_without_stock 0.135 57 0.3935
trainability_without_stock 0.000 57 0.3972
boldness_without_stock −0.100 60 0.3952
patience_without_stock 1.156 56 0.2027
timidness_without_stock 0.607 57 0.3295
persistence_without_stock 0.794 58 0.2887
hyperactivity_without_stock −2.955 58 0.0063
initiative_without_stock −1.154 68 0.2037
excitability_without_stock −2.401 56 0.0244
obedience_without_stock 0.321 50 0.3766
nervousness_without_stock −0.397 62 0.3668
impulsiveness_without_stock −3.407 58 0.0018
sociability −0.047 54 0.3967
friendliness 1.133 55 0.2081
cast 2.896 51 0.0076
gather 3.788 51 0.0006 *
force −2.692 59 0.0123
cover 2.177 51 0.0394
head 2.322 52 0.0291
hold 1.842 50 0.0744
balance 2.499 57 0.0195
break 0.657 57 0.3191
back −5.864 61 0.0000 *
initiative −1.333 57 0.1631
anticipation −0.369 51 0.3704
trainability − 0.731 56 0.3028
natural_ability 1.843 51 0.0742
eye 1.178 49 0.1974
confidence_level −0.149 49 0.3924
calmness_level 2.305 57 0.0300
boldness −1.624 47 0.1071
bark − 1.755 63 0.0862
bite −1.462 59 0.1367
cast 0.701 42 0.3089
force −3.540 51 0.0013
bite_frequency −5.615 65 0.0000 *
bark_frequency −1.597 51 0.1116
overall_ability 0.000 59 0.3973
obedience_come 1.075 54 0.2217
obedience_sit 0.239 49 0.3855
obedience_stay 1.922 56 0.0643
listening −0.092 53 0.3953
latency −3.091 46 0.0047
tricks −1.211 43 0.1896
distraction −1.554 44 0.1191
fetch 0.273 31 0.3807
Paddock versus Utility
  confidence_stock −1.921 198 0.0635
calmness_stock 0.152 235 0.3939
intelligence_stock 0.575 233 0.3377
trainability_stock −0.086 233 0.3970
boldness_stock −1.367 215 0.1564
patience_stock 0.235 228 0.3876
timidness_stock 0.489 243 0.3535
persistence_stock 0.486 222 0.3539
hyperactivity_stock 0.000 227 0.3985
initiative_stock −0.585 231 0.3356
excitability_stock −0.416 226 0.3654
obedience_stock −0.432 239 0.3630
nervousness_stock 0.165 240 0.3931
impulsiveness_stock −1.337 251 0.1630
stamina −0.349 221 0.3749
confidence_without_stock −1.694 225 0.0951
calmness_without_stock −0.647 233 0.3230
intelligence_without_stock 1.381 245 0.1535
trainability_without_stock −0.675 235 0.3170
boldness_without_stock −1.943 217 0.0608
patience_without_stock 0.247 231 0.3865
timidness_without_stock 0.950 226 0.2534
persistence_without_stock 0.168 219 0.3929
hyperactivity_without_stock 0.000 223 0.3985
initiative_without_stock −1.715 235 0.0919
excitability_without_stock −1.706 221 0.0933
obedience_without_stock −0.412 224 0.3660
nervousness_without_stock 1.033 222 0.2336
impulsiveness_without_stock −1.134 234 0.2093
sociability −0.307 225 0.3800
friendliness −0.350 206 0.3747
cast − 1.336 223 0.1633
gather −0.089 225 0.3969
force −2.879 216 0.0067
cover −0.597 225 0.3332
head −0.623 231 0.3279
hold −1.910 228 0.0648
balance −1.104 228 0.2164
break −2.218 230 0.0346
back −4.696 231 0.0000 *
initiative −1.121 230 0.2124
anticipation −1.613 233 0.1087
trainability −0.808 226 0.2872
natural_ability −0.824 209 0.2834
eye 0.325 250 0.3780
confidence_level −0.538 229 0.3446
calmness_level −0.503 220 0.3509
boldness −2.377 218 0.0242
bark −0.076 231 0.3973
bite −1.761 250 0.0848
cast −0.888 245 0.2685
force −1.392 222 0.1511
bite_frequency −2.379 235 0.0240
bark_frequency −2.070 240 0.0473
overall_ability −1.767 213 0.0839
obedience_come −0.480 237 0.3551
obedience_sit 0.492 244 0.3530
obedience_stay 0.315 240 0.3792
listening 0.072 241 0.3975
latency −1.307 212 0.1695
tricks −0.080 210 0.3972
distraction −0.133 191 0.3949
fetch 0.836 139 0.2803
Yard versus Utility
  confidence_stock −0.582 43 0.3338
calmness_stock −3.058 52 0.0050
intelligence_stock −0.806 47 0.2854
trainability_stock −1.016 50 0.2358
boldness_stock 0.103 44 0.3945
patience_stock −2.877 58 0.0078
timidness_stock −1.144 54 0.2054
persistence_stock −0.052 45 0.3962
hyperactivity_stock 3.641 46 0.0010
initiative_stock −1.010 51 0.2373
excitability_stock 4.215 48 0.0002 *
obedience_stock −0.148 44 0.3923
nervousness_stock 0.167 51 0.3913
impulsiveness_stock 2.310 58 0.0296
stamina 0.319 50 0.3769
confidence_without_stock 0.766 49 0.2946
calmness_without_stock −2.520 44 0.0192
intelligence_without_stock 0.828 54 0.2807
trainability_without_stock −0.462 50 0.3561
boldness_without_stock −1.233 47 0.1848
patience_without_stock −1.043 48 0.2291
timidness_without_stock 0.000 48 0.3968
persistence_without_stock − 0.731 46 0.3024
hyperactivity_without_stock 3.130 48 0.0042
initiative_without_stock −0.128 58 0.3939
excitability_without_stock 1.415 46 0.1458
obedience_without_stock −0.573 43 0.3354
nervousness_without_stock 1.166 50 0.2003
impulsiveness_without_stock 2.770 50 0.0104
sociability −0.146 46 0.3924
friendliness −1.435 43 0.1417
cast −3.819 43 0.0006 *
gather −4.002 44 0.0004 *
force 0.904 47 0.2624
cover −2.621 44 0.0152
head −2.791 45 0.0101
hold −3.015 43 0.0058
balance −3.363 48 0.0022
break −2.177 48 0.0395
back 2.780 52 0.0101
initiative 0.634 49 0.3235
anticipation −0.600 45 0.3302
trainability 0.236 47 0.3856
natural_ability −2.422 41 0.0239
eye −0.986 49 0.2428
confidence_level −0.154 43 0.3918
calmness_level −2.776 46 0.0104
boldness 0.434 40 0.3600
bark 1.791 53 0.0812
bite 0.176 59 0.3911
cast −1.131 41 0.2081
force 2.881 43 0.0082
bite_frequency 4.084 55 0.0002 *
bark_frequency 0.372 47 0.3697
overall_ability −1.209 46 0.1902
obedience_come −1.418 48 0.1452
obedience_sit 0.048 46 0.3963
obedience_stay −1.759 51 0.0858
listening 0.140 51 0.3930
latency 2.434 41 0.0233
tricks 1.199 40 0.1921
distraction 1.519 40 0.1255
fetch 0.235 26 0.3838
  1. *Comparisons remaining significant after multiple-test correction for 63 tests (p < 0.000794)
  2. aNegative scores indicate a lower trait mean score for the first listed group (e.g. Paddock in Paddock versus Yard)
  3. bProbabilities < 0.05 are highlighted