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Table 2 Final breed multivariable logistic regression model for risk factors associated with diagnosis of lipoma in dogs attending primary-care veterinary practices in the VetCompass™ Programme in the UK

From: Lipoma in dogs under primary veterinary care in the UK: prevalence and breed associations

Variable Category Odds ratio 95% CIa P-value
Breed Crossbreed 1.00  
Dobermann Pinscher 3.55 2.49–5.06 <  0.001
Weimaraner 3.16 2.26–4.42 <  0.001
Labrador Retriever 2.19 1.96–2.46 <  0.001
Springer Spaniel 2.15 1.82–2.54 <  0.001
Beagle 2.03 1.39–2.97 <  0.001
German Pointer 2.03 1.27–3.25 0.003
Miniature Schnauzer 1.52 1.07–2.18 0.021
Cairn Terrier 1.44 0.93–2.22 0.100
Cocker Spaniel 1.26 1.04–1.53 0.016
Patterdale Terrier 1.25 0.79–1.99 0.340
Rottweiler 1.09 0.76–1.55 0.636
Border Collie 1.04 0.85–1.27 0.715
Pug 1.00  
Dalmatian 0.95 0.56–1.59 0.842
Golden Retriever 0.83 0.63–1.10 0.209
Breed not recorded 0.72 0.27–1.97 0.525
Other purebreds 0.70 0.61–0.80 0.000
Border Terrier 0.70 0.48–1.02 0.060
Boxer 0.61 0.42–0.89 0.010
Staffordshire Bull Terrier 0.60 0.49–0.73 <  0.001
Jack Russell Terrier 0.49 0.40–0.60 <  0.001
Bichon 0.45 0.28–0.75 0.002
West Highland White Terrier 0.30 0.22–0.41 <  0.001
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel 0.29 0.18–0.44 <  0.001
Chihuahua 0.26 0.13–0.56 <  0.001
Shih-tzu 0.24 0.14–0.40 <  0.001
German Shepherd Dog 0.21 0.14–0.33 <  0.001
Lhasa Apso 0.20 0.11–0.39 <  0.001
Yorkshire Terrier 0.17 0.11–0.26 <  0.001
Bodyweight relative to breed mean Lower 1.00  
Equal/Higher 1.97 1.81–2.14 <  0.001
Unrecorded 0.53 0.43–0.64 <  0.001
Age (years) < 3.0 years 0.18 0.12–0.28 <  0.001
3.0 - < 6.0 years 1.00  
6.0 - < 9.0 years 7.56 6.33–9.04 <  0.001
9.0 - < 12.0 years 17.52 14.71–20.85 <  0.001
> or = 12.0 years 18.34 15.30–21.98 <  0.001
No age available 3.45 1.84–6.45 <  0.001
Sex-Neuter Female-Entire 1.00  
Female-Neutered 1.62 1.37–1.91 <  0.001
Female-Unknown 1.41 1.16–1.72 0.001
Male-Entire 0.79 0.65–0.97 0.025
Male-Neutered 1.99 1.69–2.36 <  0.001
Male-Unknown 1.43 1.18–1.74 <  0.001
Unknown-Unknown 0.82 0.11–6.04 0.844
Insurance Uninsured 1.00  
Insured 1.78 1.53–2.07 <  0.001
Unknown 1.18 1.02–1.36 0.027
  1. aCI confidence interval