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Table 3 Results for variables that individually replaced the breed variable in the final multivariable logistic regression model (with age, bodyweight relative to breed mean, sex-neuter and insurance status) to evaluate risk factors associated with a diagnosis of lipoma in dogs attending primary-care veterinary practices in the VetCompass™ Programme in the UK

From: Lipoma in dogs under primary veterinary care in the UK: prevalence and breed associations

Variable Category Odds ratio 95% CIa Category P-value
Purebred status Crossbred Base   
Purebred 1.16 1.07–1.26 0.001
Kennel Club Breed Group Breed not KC-recognised Base   
Toy 0.28 0.22–0.36 <  0.001
Utility 0.57 0.47–0.69 <  0.001
Terrier 0.65 0.56–0.75 <  0.001
Gundog 2.08 1.90–2.28 <  0.001
Hound 0.86 0.69–1.08 0.187
Pastoral 0.78 0.66–0.92 0.004
Working 1.12 0.93–1.36 0.233
Adult (>  18 months) bodyweight (kg) <  10.0 Base   
10.0–19.9 2.85 2.43–3.34 <  0.001
20.0–29.9 4.00 3.41–4.68 <  0.001
30.0–39.9 5.62 4.79–6.59 <  0.001
≥ 40.0 5.85 4.90–6.97 <  0.001
Unrecorded 1.14 0.90–1.44 0.265
  1. aCI confidence interval