Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Final breed-focused mixed effects multivariable logistic regression model for risk factors associated with diagnosis of elbow joint disease in dogs under primary veterinary care in the VetCompass™ Programme in the UK. *CI confidence interval

From: Epidemiology and clinical management of elbow joint disease in dogs under primary veterinary care in the UK

VariableCategoryOdds ratio95% CI*P-value
BreedCrossbreed1.00  
Rottweiler6.163.89–9.75<  0.001
Labrador Retriever5.944.65–7.60<  0.001
German Shepherd Dog4.132.88–5.93<  0.001
Golden Retriever3.111.93–5.00<  0.001
English Springer Spaniel2.001.26–3.180.003
Other purebreds1.391.05–1.840.021
Lhasa Apso1.370.66–2.820.396
Unknown1.360.19–9.790.761
Staffordshire Bull Terrier1.270.85–1.890.243
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel1.150.62–2.150.655
Border Collie1.040.58–1.850.900
Cocker Spaniel0.950.54–1.670.859
Yorkshire Terrier0.740.40–1.390.353
Boxer0.680.25–1.850.452
Pug0.660.16–2.670.557
Shih-tzu0.460.19–1.140.095
Husky0.410.06–2.960.379
Jack Russell Terrier0.380.20–0.720.003
West Highland White Terrier0.270.10–0.730.010
Bichon0.180.03–1.300.090
Chihuahua0.160.02–1.180.072
Border Terrier0.00~0.991
Bodyweight relative to breed/sex meanLower1.00  
Equal/Higher2.001.68–2.39<  0.001
Unavailable0.480.34–0.67<  0.001
Age (years)< 3.01.00  
3.0 - < 6.0 years0.840.64–1.110.223
6.0 - < 9.0 years1.471.13–1.920.004
9.0 - < 12.0 years2.561.97–3.32<  0.001
> or = 12.0 years3.702.81–4.87<  0.001
Unavailable0.800.20–3.260.758
SexFemale1.00  
Male1.471.25–1.73<  0.001
Unavailable0.00~0.995
NeuteredEntire1.00  
Neutered1.691.37–2.10<  0.001
Unavailable1.541.16–2.050.003
InsuranceUninsured1.00  
Insured2.321.64–3.29<  0.001
Unavailable1.170.82–1.670.381