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Table 1 Clinical diagnosis of control group dogs

From: Comparison of volume of the forebrain, subarachnoid space and lateral ventricles between dogs with idiopathic epilepsy and controls using a stereological approach: Cavalieri’s principle

Breed Diagnosis (frequency)
Golden Retriever Anxiety attacks (2), Benign resting tremor (2), Degenerative spinal cord disorder (2), Foreign body-associated abscess in the masticatory muscle (2), Idiopathic facial and vestibular neuritis (2)
Border Collie Immune-mediated CNS inflammatory disease (2), Myelodysplasia (2), Retro-bulbar/rostral mandibular abscess (2), Behavioural disorder (2)
Border Terrier T12–13 high-velocity low volume disc (2), facial pain (2)
Boxer Idiopathic facial nerve paralysis and peripheral vestibular syndrome (2), Pain response (2)
Cocker Spaniel Idiopathic facial paralysis (2), Idiopathic facial nerve paralysis and peripheral vestibular syndrome (2), Idiopathic Horner’s (2), Idiopathic vestibular syndrome (2), Intermittent abnormal right thoracic limb proprioception (2), Episodic gait abnormality (2), Toxin exposure (2), Atlanto-axial subluxation (2), Behavioural disorder (3), Cerebellar disease (2)
German Shepherd Dog Idiopathic Horner’s and congenital nasal dermoid sinus (2), Inflammatory polycranial neuropathy of infectious origin (2), Juvenile degenerative myelopathy (2), Lumbosacral disease (3), Metronidazole toxicity (2)
Labrador Idiopathic head tremors (2), Idiopathic peripheral vestibular syndrome (2), Idiopathic trigeminal neuritis and Horner’s syndrome (2), Idiopathic trigeminal neuropathy (2), Idiopathic vestibular syndrome (2), Intermittent cerebellar ataxia (2), Optic neuritis (2), Metronidazole toxicity (2), Neuromuscular disease (2), Osteosarcoma spine and pelvic limb (2), Paroxysmal dyskinesia or movement disorder (2), Wobblers (2), Abnormal behaviour (2), Collapse/vestibular episodes (2), Extraocular myositis (2), Hypothyroidism (2)