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Table 3 Multivariable logistic regression results

From: Diabetes mellitus in dogs attending UK primary-care practices: frequency, risk factors and survival

Variable Odds Ratio 95% CIa Category P-value Variable
P-value
Age at diagnosis     < 0.001
 3 to < 8 years Base    
 8 to < 10 years 4.04 2.63–6.23 < 0.001  
 10 to < 13 years 7.18 4.60–11.20 < 0.001  
 > 13 years 3.55 1.97–6.40 < 0.001  
Sex-neuter     < 0.001
 Male-entire Base    
 Male-neutered 1.99 1.18–3.34 0.010  
 Female-entire 3.03 1.69–5.44 < 0.001  
 Female-neutered 1.36 0.80–2.31 0.250  
Breed ≥ 10 dogs and/or ≥ 5 case dogs     < 0.001
 Tibetan Terrier 8.48 0.94–76.76 0.057  
 Miniature Schnauzer 4.09 0.90–18.55 0.068  
 Border Terrier 3.37 1.04–10.98 0.043  
 West Highland White Terrier 2.88 1.49–5.56 0.002  
 Cavalier King Charles Spaniel 2.43 0.95–6.20 0.064  
 Cairn Terrier 2.25 0.38–13.38 0.372  
 Yorkshire Terrier 2.09 0.93–4.69 0.073  
 Border Collie 1.57 0.58–4.27 0.378  
 Bichon Frise 1.47 0.40–5.41 0.559  
 Springer Spaniel – unspecified 1.20 0.15–9.70 0.864  
 Cocker Spaniel 1.13 0.48–2.66 0.782  
 Jack Russell Terrier 1.04 0.54–1.98 0.913  
Crossbred Base    
 Purebred (other) 0.87 0.52–1.44 0.589  
 Labrador Retriever 0.83 0.43–1.57 0.559  
 Lhasa Apso 0.65 0.11–3.73 0.624  
 Staffordshire Bull Terrier 0.42 0.18–0.98 0.046  
 Boxer 0.21 0.02–2.18 0.193  
 Chihuahua 0.20 0.02–2.09 0.177  
 Shih-tzu 0.20 0.04–0.96 0.045  
 Golden Retriever 0.17 0.02–1.75 0.137  
 German Shepherd Dog 0.08 0.01–0.74 0.025  
 English Springer Spaniel . . .  
 Pug . . .  
Concurrent conditions/medication:     
 Glucocorticoid treatment: Yes 2.19 1.02–4.70 0.044 0.044
No Base    
 Obesity mentioned 1 yr prior to diagnosis: Yes 2.71 1.63–4.52 < 0.001 < 0.001
No Base    
 Hyperadrenocorticism +/− 3 months diagnosis: Yes 11.28 2.41–52.73 0.002 0.002
No Base    
 Pancreatitis +/− 3 months diagnosis: Yes 1085.19 36.36–32,390.61 < 0.001 < 0.001
No Base    
Veterinary group     < 0.001
 A 1.06 0.16–7.11 0.955  
 B 0.58 0.41–0.83 0.003  
 C 1.14 0.66–1.99 0.631  
 D Base    
 E 0.003 0.0004–0.02 < 0.001  
  1. Multivariable logistic regression for risk factors associated with diabetes mellitus in dogs 3 years and older attending UK primary-care practices in 2016, n = 1205.
  2. a Confidence Interval