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Table 3 The within breed proportional mortality (WBPM) and 95% confidence intervals (in parentheses) for the 25 most commonly reported causes of death for the 25 breeds with ≥50 reports (n = 3744 deaths)

From: Longevity and mortality in Kennel Club registered dog breeds in the UK in 2014

Cause of death Aggression Arthritis Bone tumour Brain tumour Cancer-unspecified Cardiomyopathy Epilepsy Gastric dilation-volvulus (Bloat) Gastric tumour Heart Failure Hepatic liver tumour Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing’s Disease) Kidney Failure Liver Failure Lung tumour Lymphoma Mammary tumour Old Age Old Age combinations Oral tumour Road Traffic Accident Seizure Splenic tumour Stroke Unknown
Bearded Collie 0.00 (0.00–6.88) 3.85 (1.06–12.98) 1.92 (0.34–10.12) 5.77 (1.98–15.64) 1.92 (0.34–10.12) 1.92 (0.34–10.12) 1.92 (0.34–10.12) 0.00 (0.00–6.88) 0.00 (0.00–6.88) 1.92 (0.34–10.12) 3.85 (1.06–12.98) 1.92 (0.34–10.12) 1.92 (0.34–10.12) 1.92 (0.34–10.12) 0.00 (0.00–6.88) 3.85 (1.06–12.98) 0.00 (0.00–6.88) 25.00 (15.23–38.21) 9.62 (4.18–20.61) 0.00 (0.00–6.88) 1.92 (0.34–10.12) 0.00 (0.00–6.88) 0.00 (0.00–6.88) 5.77 (1.98–15.64) 3.85 (1.06–12.98)
Bernese Mountain Dog 0.00 (0.00–4.69) 1.28 (0.23–6.91) 7.69 (3.57–15.78) 2.56 (0.71–8.88) 17.95 (11.00–27.90) 0.00 (0.00–4.69) 0.00 (0.00–4.69) 3.85 (1.32–10.71) 1.28 (0.23–6.91) 1.28 (0.23–6.91) 2.56 (0.71–8.88) 0.00 (0.00–4.69) 5.13 (2.01–12.46) 1.28 (0.23–6.91) 3.85 (1.32–10.71) 10.26 (5.29–18.95) 0.00 (0.00–4.69) 3.85 (1.32–10.71) 1.28 (0.23–6.91) 1.28 (0.23–6.91) 1.28 (0.23–6.91) 0.00 (0.00–4.69) 3.85 (1.32–10.71) 2.56 (0.71–8.88) 3.85 (1.32–10.71)
Border Collie 2.52 (0.86–7.15) 2.52 (0.86–7.15) 1.68 (0.46–5.92) 7.56 (4.03–13.75) 6.72 (3.45–12.71) 0.00 (0.00–3.13) 5.04 (2.33–10.56) 0.84 (0.15–4.61) 0.84 (0.15–4.61) 4.20 (1.81–9.46) 2.52 (0.86–7.15) 1.68 (0.46–5.92) 4.20 (1.81–9.46) 0.84 (0.15–4.61) 0.00 (0.00–3.13) 5.04 (2.33–10.56) 1.68 (0.46–5.92) 8.40 (4.63–14.78) 3.36 (1.31–8.32) 0.84 (0.15–4.61) 0.84 (0.15–4.61) 5.04 (2.33–10.56) 1.68 (0.46–5.92) 1.68 (0.46–5.92) 3.36 (1.31–8.32)
Border Terrier 0.00 (0.00–3.77) 1.02 (0.18–5.56) 2.04 (0.56–7.14) 6.12 (2.84–12.72) 4.08 (1.60–10.03) 1.02 (0.18–5.56) 3.06 (1.05–8.62) 1.02 (0.18–5.56) 0.00 (0.00–3.77) 2.04 (0.56–7.14) 1.02 (0.18–5.56) 6.12 (2.84–12.72) 3.06 (1.05–8.62) 5.10 (2.20–11.39) 1.02 (0.18–5.56) 4.08 (1.60–10.03) 1.02 (0.18–5.56) 14.29 (8.70–22.56) 3.06 (1.05–8.62) 0.00 (0.00–3.77) 7.14 (3.50–14.02) 2.04 (0.56–7.14) 2.04 (0.56–7.14) 2.04 (0.56–7.14) 4.08 (1.60–10.03)
Boxer 0.59 (0.10–3.26) 1.18 (0.32–4.19) 2.35 (0.92–5.89) 15.29 (10.66–21.47) 12.35 (8.22–18.15) 4.12 (2.01–8.25) 0.59 (0.10–3.26) 1.76 (0.60–5.06) 1.18 (0.32–4.19) 7.06 (4.08–11.93) 0.59 (0.10–3.26) 0.00 (0.00–2.21) 2.94 (1.26–6.70) 0.00 (0.00–2.21) 0.59 (0.10–3.26) 5.88 (3.23–10.49) 2.94 (1.26–6.70) 4.12 (2.01–8.25) 2.94 (1.26–6.70) 2.35 (0.92–5.89) 1.76 (0.60–5.06) 2.35 (0.92–5.89) 1.18 (0.32–4.19) 1.18 (0.32–4.19) 5.29 (2.81–9.75)
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel 0.00 (0.00–1.70) 0.00 (0.00–1.70) 0.00 (0.00–1.70) 1.35 (0.46–3.90) 1.80 (0.70–4.54) 10.81 (7.37–15.58) 1.80 (0.70–4.54) 0.00 (0.00–1.70) 0.45 (0.08–2.51) 19.82 (15.11–25.56) 0.45 (0.08–2.51) 1.80 (0.70–4.54) 6.76 (4.14–10.85) 1.35 (0.46–3.90) 0.45 (0.08–2.51) 0.90 (0.25–3.22) 0.45 (0.08–2.51) 12.16 (8.49–17.12) 0.45 (0.08–2.51) 0.90 (0.25–3.22) 1.80 (0.70–4.54) 2.70 (1.24–5.77) 0.45 (0.08–2.51) 1.80 (0.70–4.54) 1.80 (0.70–4.54)
Cocker Spaniel 4.14 (2.32–7.25) 0.75 (0.21–2.70) 1.13 (0.38–3.26) 1.50 (0.59–3.80) 10.53 (7.38–14.79) 3.01 (1.53–5.82) 1.13 (0.38–3.26) 0.38 (0.07–2.10) 0.75 (0.21–2.70) 4.51 (2.60–7.72) 1.88 (0.81–4.32) 0.00 (0.00–1.42) 7.89 (5.22–11.77) 2.63 (1.28–5.33) 0.38 (0.07–2.10) 2.26 (1.04–4.83) 0.75 (0.21–2.70) 9.02 (6.14–13.07) 4.14 (2.32–7.25) 1.50 (0.59–3.80) 4.14 (2.32–7.25) 0.38 (0.07–2.10) 0.75 (0.21–2.70) 2.26 (1.04–4.83) 6.77 (4.32–10.44)
Dalmatian 0.00 (0.00–6.88) 1.92 (0.34–10.12) 1.92 (0.34–10.12) 1.92 (0.34–10.12) 7.69 (3.03–18.17) 1.92 (0.34–10.12) 0.00 (0.00–6.88) 1.92 (0.34–10.12) 1.92 (0.34–10.12) 5.77 (1.98–15.64) 0.00 (0.00–6.88) 0.00 (0.00–6.88) 3.85 (1.06–12.98) 0.00 (0.00–6.88) 0.00 (0.00–6.88) 5.77 (1.98–15.64) 0.00 (0.00–6.88) 9.62 (4.18–20.61) 11.54 (5.40–22.97) 0.00 (0.00–6.88) 0.00 (0.00–6.88) 0.00 (0.00–6.88) 0.00 (0.00–6.88) 1.92 (0.34–10.12) 5.77 (1.98–15.64)
Dobermann 3.03 (1.04–8.53) 0.00 (0.00–3.74) 4.04 (1.58–9.93) 3.03 (1.04–8.53) 10.10 (5.58–17.60) 19.19 (12.64–28.04) 1.01 (0.18–5.50) 3.03 (1.04–8.53) 0.00 (0.00–3.74) 9.09 (4.86–16.38) 1.01 (0.18–5.50) 0.00 (0.00–3.74) 1.01 (0.18–5.50) 4.04 (1.58–9.93) 0.00 (0.00–3.74) 8.08 (4.15–15.14) 1.01 (0.18–5.50) 4.04 (1.58–9.93) 1.01 (0.18–5.50) 1.01 (0.18–5.50) 0.00 (0.00–3.74) 0.00 (0.00–3.74) 1.01 (0.18–5.50) 0.00 (0.00–3.74) 4.04 (1.58–9.93)
English Springer Spaniel 4.02 (2.13–7.46) 0.89 (0.25–3.20) 2.23 (0.96–5.12) 3.13 (1.52–6.31) 8.04 (5.14–12.34) 1.34 (0.46–3.86) 2.23 (0.96–5.12) 0.00 (0.00–1.69) 0.89 (0.25–3.20) 3.13 (1.52–6.31) 0.89 (0.25–3.20) 0.00 (0.00–1.69) 4.91 (2.76–8.58) 4.02 (2.13–7.46) 0.45 (0.08–2.49) 3.57 (1.82–6.89) 2.23 (0.96–5.12) 15.18 (11.07–20.46) 4.02 (2.13–7.46) 0.89 (0.25–3.20) 1.34 (0.46–3.86) 0.45 (0.08–2.49) 2.23 (0.96–5.12) 3.57 (1.82–6.89) 6.25 (3.76–10.22)
Flat Coated Retriever 0.00 (0.00–1.68) 1.33 (0.45–3.85) 10.67 (7.27–15.38) 1.78 (0.69–4.48) 19.56 (14.90–25.23) 1.33 (0.45–3.85) 0.00 (0.00–1.68) 2.22 (0.95–5.10) 1.33 (0.45–3.85) 2.67 (1.23–5.69) 2.22 (0.95–5.10) 1.33 (0.45–3.85) 2.67 (1.23–5.69) 0.44 (0.08–2.47) 1.33 (0.45–3.85) 4.00 (2.12–7.43) 0.44 (0.08–2.47) 4.89 (2.75–8.54) 2.67 (1.23–5.69) 1.33 (0.45–3.85) 1.33 (0.45–3.85) 0.44 (0.08–2.47) 8.00 (5.12–12.29) 1.78 (0.69–4.48) 2.22 (0.95–5.10)
German Shepherd Dog 3.23 (1.71–6.02) 1.43 (0.56–3.63) 1.79 (0.77–4.13) 1.43 (0.56–3.63) 7.53 (4.98–11.23) 2.51 (1.22–5.09) 2.15 (0.99–4.61) 3.23 (1.71–6.02) 0.72 (0.20–2.58) 2.15 (0.99–4.61) 2.51 (1.22–5.09) 0.00 (0.00–1.36) 3.23 (1.71–6.02) 0.00 (0.00–1.36) 0.72 (0.20–2.58) 1.43 (0.56–3.63) 1.08 (0.37–3.11) 12.90 (9.47–17.35) 4.66 (2.74–7.81) 0.72 (0.20–2.58) 0.72 (0.20–2.58) 1.08 (0.37–3.11) 4.30 (2.48–7.37) 1.43 (0.56–3.63) 9.32 (6.44–13.30)
Golden Retriever 0.80 (0.27–2.34) 2.95 (1.65–5.20) 3.49 (2.05–5.87) 1.34 (0.57–3.10) 7.24 (5.02–10.33) 1.61 (0.74–3.46) 2.95 (1.65–5.20) 0.54 (0.15–1.93) 1.61 (0.74–3.46) 2.95 (1.65–5.20) 2.14 (1.09–4.17) 0.00 (0.00–1.02) 4.56 (2.86–7.18) 0.80 (0.27–2.34) 1.34 (0.57–3.10) 5.90 (3.93–8.77) 0.27 (0.05–1.50) 19.84 (16.11–24.18) 5.09 (3.28–7.82) 2.14 (1.09–4.17) 2.41 (1.27–4.52) 1.34 (0.57–3.10) 1.88 (0.91–3.82) 4.29 (2.66–6.85) 3.49 (2.05–5.87)
Gordon Setter 3.70 (1.02–12.54) 1.85 (0.33–9.77) 3.70 (1.02–12.54) 1.85 (0.33–9.77) 0.00 (0.00–6.64) 1.85 (0.33–9.77) 0.00 (0.00–6.64) 3.70 (1.02–12.54) 1.85 (0.33–9.77) 1.85 (0.33–9.77) 1.85 (0.33–9.77) 0.00 (0.00–6.64) 3.70 (1.02–12.54) 0.00 (0.00–6.64) 1.85 (0.33–9.77) 1.85 (0.33–9.77) 1.85 (0.33–9.77) 20.37 (11.77–32.90) 3.70 (1.02–12.54) 5.56 (1.91–15.11) 0.00 (0.00–6.64) 3.70 (1.02–12.54) 1.85 (0.33–9.77) 3.70 (1.02–12.54) 5.56 (1.91–15.11)
Irish Setter 0.00 (0.00–3.77) 1.02 (0.18–5.56) 2.04 (0.56–7.14) 2.04 (0.56–7.14) 6.12 (2.84–12.72) 0.00 (0.00–3.77) 4.08 (1.60–10.03) 6.12 (2.84–12.72) 1.02 (0.18–5.56) 8.16 (4.19–15.29) 1.02 (0.18–5.56) 0.00 (0.00–3.77) 2.04 (0.56–7.14) 3.06 (1.05–8.62) 0.00 (0.00–3.77) 2.04 (0.56–7.14) 0.00 (0.00–3.77) 16.33 (10.31–24.89) 4.08 (1.60–10.03) 2.04 (0.56–7.14) 1.02 (0.18–5.56) 2.04 (0.56–7.14) 2.04 (0.56–7.14) 1.02 (0.18–5.56) 6.12 (2.84–12.72)
Labrador Retriever 0.82 (0.38–1.79) 3.43 (2.34–5.02) 2.47 (1.57–3.87) 1.79 (1.05–3.03) 10.71 (8.67–13.17) 1.10 (0.56–2.15) 1.10 (0.56–2.15) 0.55 (0.21–1.40) 1.51 (0.85–2.69) 3.98 (2.79–5.66) 2.20 (1.36–3.54) 0.14 (0.02–0.77) 1.65 (0.95–2.86) 1.92 (1.15–3.20) 1.51 (0.85–2.69) 2.47 (1.57–3.87) 0.69 (0.29–1.60) 20.33 (17.57–23.41) 6.46 (4.89–8.48) 1.92 (1.15–3.20) 2.06 (1.25–3.37) 1.37 (0.75–2.51) 2.61 (1.68–4.04) 1.92 (1.15–3.20) 5.77 (4.30–7.71)
Miniature Schnauzer 0.00 (0.00–4.81) 0.00 (0.00–4.81) 0.00 (0.00–4.81) 3.95 (1.35–10.97) 7.89 (3.67–16.17) 1.32 (0.23–7.08) 3.95 (1.35–10.97) 0.00 (0.00–4.81) 0.00 (0.00–4.81) 2.63 (0.72–9.10) 3.95 (1.35–10.97) 5.26 (2.07–12.77) 5.26 (2.07–12.77) 3.95 (1.35–10.97) 2.63 (0.72–9.10) 5.26 (2.07–12.77) 0.00 (0.00–4.81) 13.16 (7.31–22.55) 2.63 (0.72–9.10) 0.00 (0.00–4.81) 5.26 (2.07–12.77) 2.63 (0.72–9.10) 0.00 (0.00–4.81) 1.32 (0.23–7.08) 6.58 (2.84–14.49)
Newfoundland 0.00 (0.00–6.76) 1.89 (0.33–9.94) 13.21 (6.55–24.84) 0.00 (0.00–6.76) 11.32 (5.29–22.58) 1.89 (0.33–9.94) 0.00 (0.00–6.76) 7.55 (2.97–17.86) 0.00 (0.00–6.76) 7.55 (2.97–17.86) 3.77 (1.04–12.75) 0.00 (0.00–6.76) 1.89 (0.33–9.94) 1.89 (0.33–9.94) 0.00 (0.00–6.76) 0.00 (0.00–6.76) 0.00 (0.00–6.76) 13.21 (6.55–24.84) 9.43 (4.10–20.25) 1.89 (0.33–9.94) 1.89 (0.33–9.94) 0.00 (0.00–6.76) 1.89 (0.33–9.94) 0.00 (0.00–6.76) 7.55 (2.97–17.86)
Pointer 0.00 (0.00–7.14) 2.00 (0.35–10.50) 6.00 (2.06–16.22) 6.00 (2.06–16.22) 8.00 (3.15–18.84) 0.00 (0.00–7.14) 6.00 (2.06–16.22) 0.00 (0.00–7.14) 0.00 (0.00–7.14) 8.00 (3.15–18.84) 2.00 (0.35–10.50) 2.00 (0.35–10.50) 6.00 (2.06–16.22) 4.00 (1.10–13.46) 2.00 (0.35–10.50) 0.00 (0.00–7.14) 2.00 (0.35–10.50) 16.00 (8.34–28.51) 8.00 (3.15–18.84) 0.00 (0.00–7.14) 0.00 (0.00–7.14) 2.00 (0.35–10.50) 0.00 (0.00–7.14) 0.00 (0.00–7.14) 2.00 (0.35–10.50)
Rottweiler 1.32 (0.23–7.08) 1.32 (0.23–7.08) 13.16 (7.31–22.55) 1.32 (0.23–7.08) 6.58 (2.84–14.49) 2.63 (0.72–9.10) 0.00 (0.00–4.81) 0.00 (0.00–4.81) 1.32 (0.23–7.08) 9.21 (4.53–17.81) 1.32 (0.23–7.08) 0.00 (0.00–4.81) 0.00 (0.00–4.81) 1.32 (0.23–7.08) 1.32 (0.23–7.08) 9.21 (4.53–17.81) 0.00 (0.00–4.81) 13.16 (7.31–22.55) 0.00 (0.00–4.81) 2.63 (0.72–9.10) 1.32 (0.23–7.08) 1.32 (0.23–7.08) 5.26 (2.07–12.77) 0.00 (0.00–4.81) 2.63 (0.72–9.10)
Shetland Sheepdog 0.00 (0.00–6.42) 0.00 (0.00–6.42) 0.00 (0.00–6.42) 0.00 (0.00–6.42) 12.50 (6.19–23.63) 12.50 (6.19–23.63) 1.79 (0.32–9.45) 0.00 (0.00–6.42) 0.00 (0.00–6.42) 1.79 (0.32–9.45) 0.00 (0.00–6.42) 1.79 (0.32–9.45) 10.71 (5.00–21.47) 3.57 (0.98–12.12) 0.00 (0.00–6.42) 0.00 (0.00–6.42) 1.79 (0.32–9.45) 12.50 (6.19–23.63) 1.79 (0.32–9.45) 1.79 (0.32–9.45) 0.00 (0.00–6.42) 1.79 (0.32–9.45) 0.00 (0.00–6.42) 1.79 (0.32–9.45) 3.57 (0.98–12.12)
Staffordshire Bull Terrier 2.82 (0.78–9.70) 1.41 (0.25–7.56) 5.63 (2.21–13.61) 8.45 (3.93–17.24) 9.86 (4.86–18.98) 0.00 (0.00–5.13) 1.41 (0.25–7.56) 0.00 (0.00–5.13) 2.82 (0.78–9.70) 2.82 (0.78–9.70) 0.00 (0.00–5.13) 0.00 (0.00–5.13) 4.23 (1.45–11.70) 2.82 (0.78–9.70) 2.82 (0.78–9.70) 1.41 (0.25–7.56) 1.41 (0.25–7.56) 18.31 (11.02–28.85) 4.23 (1.45–11.70) 2.82 (0.78–9.70) 1.41 (0.25–7.56) 2.82 (0.78–9.70) 2.82 (0.78–9.70) 2.82 (0.78–9.70) 2.82 (0.78–9.70)
Weimaraner 1.35 (0.24–7.27) 0.00 (0.00–4.94) 1.35 (0.24–7.27) 5.41 (2.12–13.09) 12.16 (6.53–21.53) 2.70 (0.74–9.33) 0.00 (0.00–4.94) 8.11 (3.77–16.58) 1.35 (0.24–7.27) 9.46 (4.66–18.26) 0.00 (0.00–4.94) 1.35 (0.24–7.27) 0.00 (0.00–4.94) 1.35 (0.24–7.27) 0.00 (0.00–4.94) 5.41 (2.12–13.09) 0.00 (0.00–4.94) 17.57 (10.56–27.77) 1.35 (0.24–7.27) 1.35 (0.24–7.27) 0.00 (0.00–4.94) 2.70 (0.74–9.33) 1.35 (0.24–7.27) 1.35 (0.24–7.27) 8.11 (3.77–16.58)
West Highland White Terrier 0.00 (0.00–3.85) 0.00 (0.00–3.85) 1.04 (0.18–5.67) 1.04 (0.18–5.67) 5.21 (2.24–11.62) 4.17 (1.63–10.23) 0.00 (0.00–3.85) 0.00 (0.00–3.85) 2.08 (0.57–7.28) 3.13 (1.07–8.79) 1.04 (0.18–5.67) 3.13 (1.07–8.79) 8.33 (4.28–15.59) 2.08 (0.57–7.28) 1.04 (0.18–5.67) 3.13 (1.07–8.79) 1.04 (0.18–5.67) 14.58 (8.89–23.00) 5.21 (2.24–11.62) 3.13 (1.07–8.79) 0.00 (0.00–3.85) 2.08 (0.57–7.28) 1.04 (0.18–5.67) 1.04 (0.18–5.67) 7.29 (3.58–14.29)
Whippet 0.00 (0.00–6.53) 0.00 (0.00–6.53) 3.64 (1.00–12.32) 1.82 (0.32–9.61) 3.64 (1.00–12.32) 3.64 (1.00–12.32) 1.82 (0.32–9.61) 1.82 (0.32–9.61) 0.00 (0.00–6.53) 0.00 (0.00–6.53) 3.64 (1.00–12.32) 0.00 (0.00–6.53) 3.64 (1.00–12.32) 1.82 (0.32–9.61) 0.00 (0.00–6.53) 7.27 (2.86–17.26) 0.00 (0.00–6.53) 12.73 (6.30–24.02) 1.82 (0.32–9.61) 0.00 (0.00–6.53) 1.82 (0.32–9.61) 0.00 (0.00–6.53) 0.00 (0.00–6.53) 5.45 (1.87–14.85) 3.64 (1.00–12.32)